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Imperial Russian Orders & Medals Catalogue - Order of Saint Andrew - Order of Saint Catherine - Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky - Order of Saint George -

Order of Saint Vladimir - Order of Saint Anna - Order of Saint Stanislaus - Order of the White Eagle - Soldiers' Medals for Bravery & Merit - Commemorative Medals


           

 

 

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The Order of Saint George was a solely Military order established by Empress Catherine II on November 26, 1769 and was reserved for officers who performed outstanding acts of gallantry in the field of battle.

The statutes were very explicit that the Order would only awarded for acts of bravery in the field. These statutes have been strictly adhered to throughout the history; hence, it is held in very high regard by the Russian military and abroad.

Award of the Order required that one first qualify for the four classes in succession, starting with the 4th class and working one's way upwards with further valorous acts.


All of the following are available for special order.  Please email us at lmt@kaiserzeit.com for further information.


The regalia of the The Order of Saint George consisted of :

1.  The Order of Saint George Badge First, Second, Third and Fourth Classes:  A gold-rimmed, white-enamelled cross with a central medallion depicting St. George, mounted on his charger,  slaying the dragon. St. George usually faced right; versions do exist with the mounted Saint facing left. Until 1830, the background of the centre medallion was pink and then red. The Order of St. George badges were all the same in basic design, differing only in dimensions: The First Class Badge would be mounted on the left hip suspended by a sash worn across the chest from the right shoulder; the Second and Third Class Badges by a ribbon cravat from the neck and the fourth class badge, as a badge/medal.

a)  The Order of Saint George, 1st Class Badge - approx. 55 mm. x 55 mm.:

b)  The Order of Saint George, 2nd Class Badge - approx. 47 mm.  x 47 mm.;

c)  The Order of Saint George, 3rd Class Badge - approx. 40 mm. x 40 mm:


and,

d)  The Order of Saint George, 4th Class Badge - approx.  35 mm. x 35 mm:


2.  St. George's Cross with Bough:  As an elegant compromise, where officers performed an outstanding act of valor that did not qualify for the Order of St. George 4th Class but was still very noteworthy, these officers could be awarded the St. George's Cross 4th Class with Laurels.


3.  The Order of Saint George Stars First & Second Class:  The stars of the Order were four-pointed with a pink, red or yellow centre. The central medallion bore the cipher "S.G." surrounded by the inscription that translates approximately as "For Service and Bravery." The average diameter of the Stars is 87 mm.  The two classes were similar in appearance, the First Class having slightly heavier rays with up-turned points at the four ordinal corners and the Second Class, simpler with straight ordinal rays.

At the Tsar's discretion, award of the First Class could be made with Brilliants for bravery that led to a decisive victory of a major battle. Similarly, an intermediate award, the Second Class with Diamonds, could be awarded on occasion of an act of valor that did not quite qualify for presentation of a First Class award.

As an economy measure, the awards with diamonds were discontinued in the middle of the 19th Century and replaced by the star surmounted by a crown.

 

4. The Order of Saint George Badges for Long Service: A special award for long service were awarded for 25 years service in the Imperial Army.  Similarly, officers of the Imperial Navy could receive an award for 18 campaigns at sea; very rarely an award was presented for 20 campaigns.


5. The Order of St. George Special Manchurian Unit (OMO) 4th Class:  During the Russian Civil War, officers of the Special Manchurian Unit, led by Ataman Grigory Semyonov, received a modified Order of St. George 4th Class for acts of extreme bravery.


6. The Provisional Government Order of St. George 4th Class with (Laurel) Bough:  Following the abdication of Nicholas II in 1917, a Provisional Government was set up in Petrograd under Prince Georgy L'vov and then by Alexander Kerensky.  During that period, officers who had performed acts of bravery were presented with the Order of St. George 4th Class with (Laurel) Bough.